IELTS Speaking Part 2


Describe a polluted place.
You should say:

What the place is  
What type of pollution it is/ are    
Cause and effect of pollution  
And explain how can this pollution be controlled.  


It is regrettable that Hanoi, where I’m living, is negatively affected by pollution and the major environmental problems it is facing are water pollution, air pollution and noise pollution.

There are various reasons why this city is badly polluted. Firstly, due to modernization, more and more vehicles such as cars and motorbikes are used. This leads to an increase in exhaust emissions which contaminate the atmosphere, not to mention the rising level of noise pollution. Secondly, factories and industrial zones in the city have discharged a huge amount of untreated waste into rivers, causing death to many fish and other aquatic

In fact, pollution makes people here less healthy, and some even suffer from life-threatening diseases such as lung cancer, skin cancer, and so on. Therefore, the government must deal with this problem right away. Cutting down on vehicle use is the best way to reduce air pollution and noise pollution. We can do this by encouraging people to use public transportation. Besides, those who litter should pay a heavy fine. Finally, I think the best solution is to raise awareness and educate people to protect the environment.


regrettable: [adjective] something that you are sorry about and wish that it had not happened.
Example: It is regrettable that only a minority of people are concerned about the environment.

exhaust emissions: [noun phrase] waste gases that come out of a car or other vehicle.
Example: The exhaust emissions from big trucks cause serious air pollution in my city.

contaminate: [verb] make a place or thing dirty, by adding a substance that is dangerous or polluting.
Example: Every day, more and more vehicles enter the city centre and contaminate the atmosphere with their exhaust emissions.

discharge: [verb] when somebody discharges a gas or liquid, they release it and it goes into the water or the air.
Example: The factory was fined for discharging chemicals into the river.

aquatic: [adjective] living in water
Example: Rivers which are clean have a lot of aquatic life, such as fish and frogs.

life-threatening: [adjective] likely to kill someone.
Example: Aid workers in poor countries often have to deal with difficult, life-threatening situations.

cutting down on: [phrasal verb] reducing the size, amount or number of something.
Example: You will improve your health by cutting down on cigarettes.

awareness: [noun] knowing that something exists and is important.
Example: In schools, campaigns about awareness of road safety are essential for young children.

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