You should spend about 20 minutes on this task


The diagram belows show the production of olive oil

Write at least 150 words.


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task

Write about the following topic:


Some people think that zoos are all cruel and should be closed down. Others however believe that zoos can be useful in protecting wild animals. Discuss both opinions and give your own opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


The diagram illustrates the process by which olive oil is produced.

Overall, this is a step-by-step process that is comprised of seven stages, from the
harvesting of the mature fruit from olive trees, to the packaging and sale of the finished

Initially, ripe olives are harvested from trees by farmers and then taken to a rinsing
machine where they are washed in cold water. After being rinsed, the olives are
transferred via conveyor belt to another machine which grinds the olives to separate
the fruit from the seeds. During this stage, the olives are ground into a paste, and the
olive stones are removed.

The olive paste is then placed in a type of perforated bag before being put through a
pressing machine, followed by another process where any excess water is separated
from the oil. And finally, the olive oil is packaged and delivered to shops where it can be

 (153 words – Band 8.5)


While some people believe that zoos play an important role in protecting wild animals,
others feel that keeping animals locked up in such places is cruel and unnecessary.
Personally, I agree with the idea that animals should not be kept in zoos and that zoos
should be shut down.

On the one hand, many people feel that zoos are useful in some regards. Firstly, zoos can
help to preserve endangered animals by keeping them safe from poachers and other
threats, such as habitat destruction and the spread of urbanisation. Some zoos also run
breeding programs in order to try and increase the numbers of some endangered species
to avoid them becoming extinct. Secondly, by keeping animals in zoos, people can learn
and understand more about them and this can help to raise awareness amongst the
public in order to help preserve certain species.

However, while the abovementioned ideas may be true to a certain extent, I believe that
zoos are unnecessary for the following reasons. To begin with, zoos can only hold small
numbers of animals and therefore cannot protect the large majority of species from
being hunted or their habitats from being destroyed. I believe it is the responsibility
of each government to create and fund conservation programs that help to stop the
destruction of the habitats of endangered species so that animals can live in their
natural state rather than be locked up in cages for their entire life. Furthermore, in many
zoos, animals are being mistreated as they are often provided with insufficient food and
medical care, which has so far caused many animals in zoos to die because of starvation
and diseases.

In conclusion, though some zoos may have some positive impacts on the conservation
of some certain animal species, overall, I think they are cruel places and do more harm
than good.

(307 words – Band 8.0)

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